Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/149098
Title: Actuarial independence and managerial discretion
Authors: Kamiya, Shinchi
Milidonis, Andreas
Keywords: Business::Finance::Actuarial science
Business::Finance::Insurance
Business::Accounting
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Kamiya, S. & Milidonis, A. (2018). Actuarial independence and managerial discretion. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 85(4), 1055-1082. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jori.12199
Journal: Journal of Risk and Insurance
Abstract: Appointed actuaries are responsible for estimating the largest liability on property–casualty insurance companies’ balance sheet. Actuarial independence is crucial in safeguarding accurate estimates, where this independence is self-regulated by actuarial professional institutions. However, professional conflicts of interest arise when appointed actuaries also hold an officer position within the same firm, as officer actuaries also face managerial incentives. Using a sample of U.S. insurers that employ in-house appointed actuaries from 2007 to 2014, we find evidence that officer actuaries have different reserving practices than nonofficer actuaries. This difference in reserving is associated with tax shielding and earnings management incentives. Results are consistent with managerial discretion dominating actuarial independence; they are economically significant and should be of concern to regulators and professional institutions.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/149098
ISSN: 0022-4367
DOI: 10.1111/jori.12199
Rights: © 2016 The Journal of Risk and Insurance. All rights reserved. This paper was published by Wiley in Journal of Risk and Insurance and is made available with permission of The Journal of Risk and Insurance.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NBS Journal Articles

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