Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Are implicit theories of intelligence and effort beliefs interdependent? Rethinking the relationship between implicit theories, effort beliefs, goal orientation and achievement outcomes in Singapore||Authors:||Cher, Shi Min||Keywords:||Social sciences::Psychology||Issue Date:||2021||Publisher:||Nanyang Technological University||Source:||Cher, S. M. (2021). Are implicit theories of intelligence and effort beliefs interdependent? Rethinking the relationship between implicit theories, effort beliefs, goal orientation and achievement outcomes in Singapore. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. https://hdl.handle.net/10356/149798||Abstract:||The implicit theories of intelligence propose that entity theorists view intellectual abilities as static, and incremental theorists believe in the malleability of intelligence through effort. Consequently, entity theorists are inclined to regard effort and ability as inversely related, while incremental theorists are more likely to hold a positive relationship between effort and ability. At the same time, people, especially those in the East, value the utility of effort. In this respect, entity theorists may not be precluded from believing in the utility of effort. This study thus seeks to examine the conflation between implicit theories of intelligence and effort beliefs, as well as their association with goal orientation and achievement outcomes. Undergraduates (N = 559) completed an online questionnaire inquiring their implicit theories, effort beliefs, goal orientation and academic achievements. Our results showed that entity theorists, like incremental theorists, believe in the utility of effort. Specifically, implicit theories and effort beliefs may be mutually exclusive, and that believing in the utility of effort may not guarantee the endorsement of an incremental theory. Furthermore, hierarchical regression analyses found that effort beliefs (i.e., the belief that effort is important for success), in addition to one’s implicit theories of intelligence, can predict goal orientation above and beyond what can be accounted for by implicit theories alone. However, effort beliefs did not predict academic achievements above and beyond implicit theories. Our findings, therefore, point to a distinction between effort beliefs and implicit theories, as well as the significance of effort beliefs in academic settings.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/149798||Fulltext Permission:||restricted||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||SSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)|
Updated on May 17, 2022
Updated on May 17, 2022
Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.