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|Title:||从《蒙马特遗书》中的书信/日记体叙述策略探讨台湾女同性恋族群主体之确立 = A study of the narrative strategies of epistolary and diary writing in Le Testament de Montmartre and its impact on the identity formation of Taiwan’s lesbian community||Authors:||陈丽汶 Tan, Jessica Li Wen||Keywords:||DRNTU::Humanities::Literature::Chinese||Issue Date:||2009||Abstract:||邱妙津的《蒙马特遗书》不但对台湾女同性恋族群意识与主体性建立具有深远意义，而且一扫之前台湾女同性恋小说的隐晦含蓄，其书写形式及叙述语言更颠覆以往牵制女同性恋小说的父权异性恋“凝视”。以往针对《蒙》的研究常注重女同性恋者的性别认同如何受控于“强制性异性恋机制”（Compulsory Heterosexuality），或重点讨论其中的死亡叙述，甚少就其特殊的文体形式（结合书信、日记等文体）作深入讨论。邱在《蒙》中所采用的书信、日记体不但能充分体现埃莱娜•西苏（Hélène Cixous）所提倡的“阴性书写”（Écriture Féminine），其中所采取的叙述策略更挑战父权异性恋的凝视和协助提高女同性恋族群的意识。因此，本文将审视《蒙》中书信、日记的叙述策略，探讨台湾女同性恋族群主体之建立。本文先将分析台湾同性恋小说的书写风潮与建立其“言说战场”之间的关系，探讨邱如何协助台湾女同性恋声音在小说中展现力量；然后简述《蒙》的书写架构，介绍书信、日记体的特质，和讨论《蒙》难以归类为任何文类（Genre）；之后分析《蒙》中书信、日记体的叙述特征及语言如何承载 “阴性书写”，挑战阳性语言秩序，召唤女同性恋族群，并建立其主体性。最后，通过讨论骆以军《遣悲怀》所引起的“邱妙津现象”，描述邱及《蒙》对台湾的影响。Chiu Miao-chin’s novel, Le Testament de Montmartre (Mengmate Yishu), raised much awareness among Taiwan’s lesbian community since it was first published in 1996. Unlike previous Taiwan lesbian-themed novels which were more reserved when broaching the topic of sexuality, Le Testament de Montmartre takes a far more explicit approach. Chiu’s use of narratives and writing forms in Le Testament de Montmartre has managed to break through the past obstacles which Taiwan lesbian-themed novels faced – that is to write the story under the influence of the patriarchal society and taking on a heterosexual point of view. Thus, it can be said that Le Testament de Montmartre has a far reaching impact on Taiwan’s lesbian community as it provided a voice for the lesbian community and helped shape the community’s identity. Previous studies done on Le Testament de Montmartre focused on “Compulsory Heterosexuality” and its restraining effects on the character’s lesbian identity, and Chiu’s death narratives. However, few studies have been done on the analysis of its literary form, which is a combination of letters and diary entries, used in the novel. Thus, this paper seeks to examine how the combination of letters and diary entries used by Chiu in the novel exemplifies Hélène Cixous’s theory of Écriture Féminine, and its impact on the identity formation of Taiwan’s lesbian community. Firstly, this paper will analyze the relationship between the wave of Taiwanese lesbian-themed novels during the mid 1990s and the increasing visibility and voice of the Taiwanese lesbian community. More specifically, it seeks to discuss how Chiu has helped the Taiwanese lesbian community to find their voice through her lesbian-themed novels. Next, the paper will introduce the structure of the novel and describe the characteristics of epistolary and diary writing. In addition, the essay seeks to explain why it is difficult to classify Le Testament de Montmartre into any particular genre. The main discussion of the paper will focus on how the narrative language and characteristics of epistolary and diary writing in Le Testament de Montmartre embody Écriture Féminine, thus challenging the use of patriarchal language and calling upon the Taiwanese lesbian community to form their self identity. Lastly, through the discussion of how Luo Yijun’s And Now She Remains in You (Qian Bei Huai) evoked the “Chiu Miao-chin phenomenon”, this paper hopes to assess the impact of Chiu and Le Testament de Montmartre on Taiwan.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10356/15010||Fulltext Permission:||restricted||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)|
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