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Title: 海峡两岸是否能通过经济合作达成整合 :以整合理论为范畴 = The possibility of integrating Taiwan and China through economic cooperation : from the perspective of the integration theory
Authors: 王炜滢 Heng, Wei Ying
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities::History::Asia::China
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: 本文希望探讨海峡两岸是否能如整合理论所述的“扩散性”效果,即从争议性较少的事务展开交流互动,然后再深入到解决复杂敏感的议题,以达成海峡两岸的整合。整合能带给参与国经济利益,并带动经济全球化和区域一体化。近期随着海峡两岸的互动愈来愈频密,经济合作的加强,促使学术界出现中国与台湾将达成整合的推断。整合的成功例子 – 从约束性较强的欧洲经济共同体的失败到欧洲联盟的实现更是让学者认为整合理论所假定的整合过程是正确的。本文发现,两岸的经济贸易量至今是持续增长的、两岸经济对彼此的依赖以及两岸人民的互动交流也增强了。但是,过了将近二十年后,两岸即使在经济互动上有频密往来,两岸仍未展露任何整合的迹象。这也表示了整合理论虽可以解释欧盟的成功,但不一定适用于任何国家,即台湾与中国两地。整合理论因此忽略了除了经济的依赖,领导人达成整合的意愿也是一个非常重要的因素。本文也发现两岸关系的好坏仰赖于领导人所采取的两岸政策。近期两岸达成整合说法的出现是因为领导人将“经济摆在前方,政治放一边”所造成的。因此,整合理论的不足是缺乏将参与国的国家领袖的政治意愿也考虑在内。The aim of this paper is to discuss the possibility of integrating Taiwan and China according to the spill-over effect as described in the Integration Theory. The Integration Theory states that the countries involved should begin from less controversial issues and move on gradually to larger though more sensitive issues. The economic benefits that integration offers are reasons for globalization and regionalization. The strengthening of economic cooperation and interaction between the two regions has led to the prediction of Taiwan-China integration. The successful example of integration – from the failure of the European Economic Community to the establishment of the European Union has convinced scholars that the integration process put out by the Integration Theory has been correct. This paper has ascertained the consistent trade growth between the two regions; the economic interdependence and social interactions across the Strait have also become stronger. Yet, after near twenty years of close economic interactions between Taiwan and China, there has not been a sign of integration. This also indicates that though the Integration Theory is adequate in reasoning the successful establishment of the European Union, it may not be sufficient for the case of other countries, at least in the case of Taiwan and China. Hence, the Integration Theory has overlooked the importance of the political leaders’ inclination towards integrating. This paper has also found out that cross-strait ties are very much dependent on political leaders’ views on their respective cross-strait policies. Taiwan’s cross-strait policy of “economics before politics” is the main cause for the recent discussion of a possible integration between Taiwan and China. To conclude, the emphasis that the Integration Theory has placed on economic cooperation has in turn, failed to take into consideration the political aspiration of the respecti ve leaders.
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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