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Title: Hydrodynamics of random-organizing hyperuniform fluids
Authors: Lei, Qun-Li
Ni, Ran
Keywords: Engineering::Chemical engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Lei, Q. & Ni, R. (2019). Hydrodynamics of random-organizing hyperuniform fluids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(46), 22983-22989.
Project: M4081781.120
Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Abstract: Disordered hyperuniform structures are locally random while uniform like crystals at large length scales. Recently, an exotic hyperuniform fluid state was found in several nonequilibrium systems, while the underlying physics remains unknown. In this work, we propose a nonequilibrium (driven-dissipative) hard-sphere model and formulate a hydrodynamic theory based on Navier–Stokes equations to uncover the general mechanism of the fluidic hyperuniformity (HU). At a fixed density, this model system undergoes a smooth transition from an absorbing state to an active hyperuniform fluid and then, to the equilibrium fluid by changing the dissipation strength. We study the criticality of the absorbing-phase transition. We find that the origin of fluidic HU can be understood as the damping of a stochastic harmonic oscillator in q space, which indicates that the suppressed long-wavelength density fluctuation in the hyperuniform fluid can exhibit as either acoustic (resonance) mode or diffusive (overdamped) mode. Importantly, our theory reveals that the damping dissipation and active reciprocal interaction (driving) are the two ingredients for fluidic HU. Based on this principle, we further demonstrate how to realize the fluidic HU in an experimentally accessible active spinner system and discuss the possible realization in other systems.
ISSN: 0027-8424
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1911596116
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). All rights reserved. This paper was published by National Academy of Sciences in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America and is made available with permission of The Author(s).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCBE Journal Articles

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