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|Title:||Comparison of amoxicillin photodegradation in the UV/H₂O₂ and UV/persulfate systems : reaction kinetics, degradation pathways, and antibacterial activity||Authors:||Zhang, Yiqing
Lim, Teik Thye
|Keywords:||Engineering::Environmental engineering||Issue Date:||2019||Source:||Zhang, Y., Xiao, Y., Zhong, Y. & Lim, T. T. (2019). Comparison of amoxicillin photodegradation in the UV/H₂O₂ and UV/persulfate systems : reaction kinetics, degradation pathways, and antibacterial activity. Chemical Engineering Journal, 372, 420-428. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.04.160||Journal:||Chemical Engineering Journal||Abstract:||The extensive use of non-metabolized amoxicillin (AMX) has led to the contamination of the aquatic environment, which requires effective treatment methods. This study compares the reaction kinetics, degradation pathways, and antibacterial activity of AMX in the UV/H₂O₂ and UV/persulfate (S₂O₈²⁻, PS) systems. UV irradiation alone shows a negligible effect on AMX degradation, while the addition of H₂O₂ or PS increases the degradation efficiency of AMX significantly due to the generation of HO∙ and SO₄∙⁻. The second-order rate constants of AMX with HO∙ and SO₄∙⁻ are 3.9 × 10⁹ M⁻¹ s⁻¹ and 3.5 × 10⁹ M⁻¹ s⁻¹, respectively. In the UV/PS system at neutral pH, the contributions of UV, HO∙, and SO₄∙⁻ for AMX degradation are 7.3%, 22.8%, and 69.9%, respectively. The degradation efficiency of AMX decreases with the presence of natural organic matter and inorganic anions in the water matrices. Based on the experimental evidence substantiated with theoretical calculations, the degradation pathways of AMX in the UV/H₂O₂ and UV/PS systems were proposed, including hydroxylation (+16 Da), hydrolysis (+18 Da), and decarboxylation (−44 Da). The frontier electron density of AMX was calculated to predict the susceptible regions to HO∙ and SO₄∙⁻ attack. The antibacterial activity of AMX solution decreases significantly after applying UV/H₂O₂ or UV/PS processes. UV/H₂O₂ is more cost-effective than UV/PS process in degrading AMX.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/150432||ISSN:||1385-8947||DOI:||10.1016/j.cej.2019.04.160||Rights:||© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.||Fulltext Permission:||none||Fulltext Availability:||No Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||CEE Journal Articles|
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