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|Title:||Mitigation of under-expanded supersonic jet noise through stepped nozzles||Authors:||Wei, Xiaofeng
Chua, Leok Poh
Lim, H. D.
Lu, Zhen Bo
New, Tze How
|Keywords:||Engineering::Mechanical engineering||Issue Date:||2019||Source:||Wei, X., Mariani, R., Chua, L. P., Lim, H. D., Lu, Z. B., Cui, Y. & New, T. H. (2019). Mitigation of under-expanded supersonic jet noise through stepped nozzles. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 459, 114875-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2019.114875||Project:||MOE2014-T2-1-002||Journal:||Journal of Sound and Vibration||Abstract:||An experimental investigation into noise reduction of supersonic jets through nozzle trailing-edge modifications was conducted, whereby far-field acoustic measurements were captured for two different stepped nozzles under two distinct under-expanded conditions. When compared to a baseline nozzle, results show that stepped nozzles lead to significant noise reductions at certain polar and azimuthal angles. In particular, a maximum noise reduction of 6 dB is observed for the longest stepped nozzle at a nozzle-pressure-ratio of 4 and 0° azimuthal angle. Spectral analysis shows that the noise reduction is mainly due to reduction in broadband shock associated noise and elimination of jet screech phenomenon. Abrupt changes in nozzle lip lengths of the stepped nozzles appear to disrupt acoustic feedback loop, thus resulting in screech cessation. Qualitative schlieren imaging and quantitative schlieren measurements were subsequently performed to correlate the shock structures and density gradient fields with the resulting noise components. Unlike those produced by the baseline nozzle, shock structures generated by the stepped nozzles are highly irregular and the jet plumes undergo discernible deflections. Lastly, the reduction in broadband shock associated noise is related to the lower shock strengths, as demonstrated by the density gradient profiles.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/150607||ISSN:||0022-460X||DOI:||10.1016/j.jsv.2019.114875||Rights:||© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Journal of Sound and Vibration and is made available with permission of Elsevier Ltd.||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||MAE Journal Articles|
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Updated on Jan 23, 2022
Updated on Jan 23, 2022
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