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Title: Current-induced scour at monopile foundations subjected to lateral vibrations
Authors: Guan, Dawei
Chiew, Yee-Meng
Melville, Bruce W.
Zheng, Jinhai
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Guan, D., Chiew, Y., Melville, B. W. & Zheng, J. (2018). Current-induced scour at monopile foundations subjected to lateral vibrations. Coastal Engineering, 144, 15-21.
Journal: Coastal Engineering
Abstract: Monopile foundations are the most common foundation type of offshore wind turbines. In the ocean environment, in addition to threats related to scour of the foundation, offshore monopiles of wind turbines also are subjected to lateral vibrations induced by waves and winds. Over the past decades, the scour process induced by flow and pile-soil interactions has been independently investigated by researchers from the fields of hydraulic/coastal engineering and soil mechanics, respectively. Very few studies can be found in the published literature on lateral vibration effects on scour at monopile foundations. The objective of this experimental study is to improve understanding of the mechanics of current-induced scour at monopiles subjected to lateral vibrations with a non-cohesive bed. When compared to a non-vibrating monopile, the results show that scouring around its vibrating counterpart is comparatively faster during the first few hours of the test. This is primarily due to soil densification and the subsidence process induced by monopile-seabed interactions. Increasing both the frequency and amplitude of the monopile vibration would decrease the equilibrium scour depths and scour hole slopes. The reduction of equilibrium scour depth likely is due to the effect of sediment ratcheting motions on the surface of the scour hole. An empirical dimensionless equation is proposed to estimate equilibrium scour depth at monopiles subjected to lateral vibrations.
ISSN: 0378-3839
DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2018.10.011
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles

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