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Title: Combining Co₃S₄ and Ni:Co₃S₄ nanowires as efficient catalysts for overall water splitting: an experimental and theoretical study
Authors: Tang, Shasha
Wang, Xing
Zhang, Yongqi
Courté, Marc
Fan, Hong Jin
Fichou, Denis
Keywords: Engineering::Chemical engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Tang, S., Wang, X., Zhang, Y., Courté, M., Fan, H. J. & Fichou, D. (2019). Combining Co₃S₄ and Ni:Co₃S₄ nanowires as efficient catalysts for overall water splitting: an experimental and theoretical study. Nanoscale, 11(5), 2202-2210.
Project: MOE2014-T2-1- 132
Journal: Nanoscale
Abstract: In the quest for mass production of hydrogen from water electrolysis, to develop highly efficient, stable and low-cost catalysts is still the central challenge. When designing a novel catalyst, it is necessary to optimize the exposure and accessibility of its active sites as well as the reaction kinetics. This can be realized by combining an appropriate chemical composition of the material, including doping with metal elements, and a properly nanostructured morphology offering a high surface contact. We report here on the design and performances of cobalt-based oxide and sulfide nanowires as catalysts that can be used for both hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions (denoted HER and OER respectively) in the same compatible electrolyte. Following a sulfuration process, Co₃O₄ nanowires are entirely converted into Co₃S₄ nanowires showing greatly improved OER catalytic performances with an overpotential of 283 mV (instead of 371 mV for Co₃O₄) to deliver a current density of 10 mA cm⁻². Besides, when doping the surface of these Co₃S₄ nanowires with small amounts of nickel, the resulting Ni:Co₃S₄ nanowires exhibit an HER overpotential of 199 mV to reach 10 mA cm⁻². But most importantly, two-electrode electrolyzer cells combining Co₃S₄ and Ni:Co₃S₄ electrodes show operating voltages as low as 1.70 V at 10 mA cm⁻² over 40 hours, a value that competes advantageously with the best reported catalysts in 1.0 M KOH. Meanwhile, density functional theory (DFT) calculations show that the free energy of the intermediates has been reduced after the introduction of sulfur and nickel atoms, which have smaller overpotentials and corresponding enhanced electrocatalytic performance. Our results open a new avenue in the quest for overall water splitting using electrochemical systems.
ISSN: 2040-3364
DOI: 10.1039/c8nr07787h
Rights: © 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SPMS Journal Articles

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