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Title: The cubicle deconstructed : simple visual enclosure improves perseverance
Authors: Roberts, Adam Charles
Yap, Hui Shan
Kwok, Kian-Woon
Car, Josip
Soh, Chee Kiong
Christopoulos, George I.
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Roberts, A. C., Yap, H. S., Kwok, K., Car, J., Soh, C. K. & Christopoulos, G. I. (2019). The cubicle deconstructed : simple visual enclosure improves perseverance. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 63, 60-73.
Project: L2NICCFP1-2013-2
Journal: Journal of Environmental Psychology
Abstract: The design of an office can affect productivity and work performance. Though social distraction (acoustic and visual distractions from other co-workers) certainly impacts performance, the effects of the spatial characteristics of the office environment per se are less known. We tested visual enclosure by simply adding a cubicle partition around a desk, and show in two studies that even this minor change improves perseverance, a central function underlying many job tasks. A third study suggests that this effect is likely caused by adjusting the allocation of mental effort depending on the environment, with larger spaces requiring a greater effort allocation. These findings suggest that environmental characteristics affect human performance by influencing the effort allocated to various tasks (effort allocation hypothesis) rather than by activating concepts related to enclosure (semantic priming). Overall, we suggest that visual enclosure in itself could be beneficial in tasks requiring perseverance.
ISSN: 0272-4944
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.04.002
Rights: © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles
LKCMedicine Journal Articles
NBS Journal Articles
SSS Journal Articles

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