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Title: Texture of anammox sludge bed : composition feature, visual characterization and formation mechanism
Authors: Kang, Da
Xu, Dongdong
Yu, Tao
Feng, Chengdong
Li, Yiyu
Zhang, Meng
Zheng, Ping
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Kang, D., Xu, D., Yu, T., Feng, C., Li, Y., Zhang, M. & Zheng, P. (2019). Texture of anammox sludge bed : composition feature, visual characterization and formation mechanism. Water Research, 154, 180-188.
Journal: Water Research 
Abstract: Anammox granular sludge biotechnology has been successfully applied in the environmental engineering for nitrogen removal from wastewater. However, the startup and control of anammox process was difficult and lacks an easy-recognized indicator. In this work, the texture of anammox sludge bed in a long-term (>15 months) stable-operated and high-rate anammox reactor was investigated for the first time. The results showed that the anammox sludge bed took on the unique texture which was closely related to the biological loading rates of sludge bed at different heights of the reactor. The texture was ascribed to the pattern created by granule gradation (granules size distribution) and granule number density (spaces between granules). The sludge bed texture displayed the distinctive vision and could be characterized by the reflected light of sludge bed. The lightness indicator was found to have an excellent linear relationship with the height of anammox sludge bed. The texture of anammox sludge bed was revealed to originate from the periodic cycle of gas-driven segregation and density-based aggregation of granules. The results hint at a convenient and efficient strategy for operators to assess and control the working state of anammox system.
ISSN: 0043-1354
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2019.01.052
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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