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dc.contributor.authorYang, Lizhongen_US
dc.contributor.authorXu, Haoxinen_US
dc.contributor.authorCola, Fabrizioen_US
dc.contributor.authorAkhmetov, Bakytzhanen_US
dc.contributor.authorGil, Antonien_US
dc.contributor.authorCabeza, Luisa F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRomagnoli, Alessandroen_US
dc.identifier.citationYang, L., Xu, H., Cola, F., Akhmetov, B., Gil, A., Cabeza, L. F. & Romagnoli, A. (2021). Shell-and-tube latent heat thermal energy storage design methodology with material selection, storage performance evaluation, and cost minimization. Applied Sciences, 11(9), 4180-.
dc.description.abstractShell-and-tube latent heat thermal energy storage units employ phase change materials to store and release heat at a nearly constant temperature, deliver high effectiveness of heat transfer, as well as high charging/discharging power. Even though many studies have investigated the material formulation, heat transfer through simulation, and experimental studies, there is limited research dedicated to the storage unit design methodology. This study proposes a comprehensive methodology that includes the material assessment with multi-attribute decision-making and multi-objective decision-making tools, epsilon-NTU method, and cost minimization using Genetic Algorithm. The methodology is validated by a series of experimental results, and implemented in the optimization of a storage unit for solar absorption chiller application. A unit cost of as low as USD 8396 per unit is reported with a power of 1.42 kW. The methodology proves to be an efficient, reliable, and systematic tool to fulfill the preliminary design of shell-and-tube LHTES before the computational fluid dynamics or detailed experimental studies are engaged.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Sciencesen_US
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.subjectEngineering::Mechanical engineeringen_US
dc.titleShell-and-tube latent heat thermal energy storage design methodology with material selection, storage performance evaluation, and cost minimizationen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.researchSurbana Jurong-NTU Corporate Laben_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsPhase Change Materialen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis research was funded by SJ-NTU Corporate Lab. This research was partially funded by the Ministerio de Ciencia Innovación y Universidades de España (RTI2018-093849-B-C31—MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE), and the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades—Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) (RED2018- 102431-T). This work is partially supported by ICREA under the ICREA Academia programme.en_US
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