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dc.contributor.authorPereira, Ariel S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAzhari, Atiqahen_US
dc.contributor.authorHong, Chloe A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGaskin, Gerin E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBorelli, Jessica L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Gianlucaen_US
dc.identifier.citationPereira, A. S., Azhari, A., Hong, C. A., Gaskin, G. E., Borelli, J. L. & Esposito, G. (2021). Savouring as an intervention to decrease negative affect in anxious mothers of children with autism and neurotypical children. Brain Sciences, 11(5), 652-.
dc.description.abstractSavouring is an emotion regulation strategy and intervention that focuses on the process of attending, intensifying and prolonging positive experiences and positive affect associated with these memories. Personal savouring involves a reflection on positive memories that are specific to the individual and do not involve others. In contrast, relational savouring entails reflecting on instances when people were responsive to the needs of their significant others. Such interventions hold potential benefits in enhancing positive affect (PA) and reducing negative affect (NA) for both parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and parents of neurotypical children. Adults with greater symptoms of generalised anxiety have been found to have less PA and more NA. However, no study has investigated the effects of a mother’s anxiety symptoms on the efficacy of savouring in enhancing PA and reducing NA. Thus, this paper combined personal and relational savouring to investigate whether savouring may enhance PA and reduce NA of a pooled sample of mothers of neurotypical children and mothers of children with ASD. 52 mothers of neurotypical children and 26 mothers of children with ASD aged 3–7 years old were given a series of questionnaires and randomly assigned to either relational savouring or personal savouring conditions. In relational savouring, mothers were asked to reflect upon a shared positive experience with their child while in the personal savouring condition, a personal positive experience was recalled. Across mothers of children with ASD and neurotypical children, findings suggest that savouring leads to a decrease in NA (p < 0.01) but not increases in PA. Similarly, mothers with higher levels of anxiety experience a greater decrease in NA (p < 0.001) compared to mothers with lower levels of anxiety post-savouring. This study proposes that a brief savouring intervention may be effective among mothers of preschoolers. As lower levels of negative affect is linked to healthier psychological well-being, mothers might be able to engage in more effective and warm parenting after savouring exercises, which would cultivate positive mother-child relationships that benefit their children in the long-term.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Education (MOE)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofBrain Sciencesen_US
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Psychologyen_US
dc.titleSavouring as an intervention to decrease negative affect in anxious mothers of children with autism and neurotypical childrenen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolLee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine)en_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis research is supported by the Ministry of Education, Singapore, under its Academic Research Fund Tier 1 (RG55/18) and by the 2015 NAP Start-up Grant M4081597 (GE) from the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.en_US
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