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|Title:||Multi-branch sandwich piezoelectric energy harvester : mathematical modeling and validation||Authors:||Li, Xiangyang
|Keywords:||Engineering::Civil engineering||Issue Date:||2019||Source:||Li, X., Yu, K., Upadrashta, D. & Yang, Y. (2019). Multi-branch sandwich piezoelectric energy harvester : mathematical modeling and validation. Smart Materials and Structures, 28(3), 035010-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-665X/aaf8bf||Journal:||Smart Materials and Structures||Abstract:||Energy harvesting from ambient environment has attracted intensive attention over the years for powering low-power autonomous electronic devices. A conventional piezoelectric energy harvester (CPEH) can hardly meet the requirements of effective energy harvesting from wideband, low frequency and low amplitude vibration sources due to its simple substrate and single resonant peak response. Using sandwich structure comprised of a soft-core layer and two thin skins can drastically reduce the natural frequency and increase voltage output of the harvester. The stiffness of sandwich harvester and consequently its resonant frequency can be tuned more flexibly than the CPEH by choosing different materials and adjusting the geometric dimensions of the core and skins. In this paper, a novel multi-branch sandwich piezoelectric energy harvester (MSPEH) is proposed to harvest energy from wideband, low frequency and low amplitude vibration sources. The proposed harvester comprises of a main sandwich beam as substrate with a patch of piezoelectric layer bonded over it. Multiple inner single branches with tip masses are connected to the main substrate to generate multiple resonant peaks and tune the range of the interested frequency. Firstly, a mathematical model of the proposed harvester is presented, and the electromechanical coupling equations are obtained. Subsequently, a prototype of MSPEH with two inner single branches is fabricated and tested under harmonic base excitation to study its performance. When tested at a low harmonic excitation of 0.02 g, the harvester generates 2.48 V, 6.21 V and 1.55 V at three resonant frequencies of 18.18 Hz, 24.74 Hz and 28.12 Hz, respectively. Finally, the accuracy of derived mathematical model is verified by comparing with the predictions from finite element simulation and experimental results. The novel MSPEH offers excellent design flexibility to adjust resonant frequencies by choosing inner single branches and tip masses and thus it has potential to generate sufficient power output from wideband, low frequency and low amplitude vibration sources.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/152184||ISSN:||0964-1726||DOI:||10.1088/1361-665X/aaf8bf||Rights:||© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.||Fulltext Permission:||none||Fulltext Availability:||No Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||CEE Journal Articles|
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