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Title: Self-efficacy and interest in STEM subjects as predictors of the STEM gender gap in the US : the role of unobserved heterogeneity
Authors: Sakellariou, Chris
Fang, Zheng
Keywords: Social sciences::Education
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Sakellariou, C. & Fang, Z. (2021). Self-efficacy and interest in STEM subjects as predictors of the STEM gender gap in the US : the role of unobserved heterogeneity. International Journal of Educational Research, 109, 101821-.
Journal: International Journal of Educational Research 
Abstract: We used HSLS:09 data to investigate how self-efficacy perceptions and interest in STEM subjects in high school predict subsequent STEM field participation. We focused on the role of unobserved heterogeneity in shaping gender differences in the predictive power of STEM-specific self-beliefs and interest. We used an endogenous treatment effects approach. We found that: (a) unobserved attributes play an important role, and the findings are distinctly different between genders; (b) boys’ field of study choices are driven by interest in STEM subjects, while for girls it is early development of confidence in their math abilities; (c) interventions aimed at closing the STEM gender gap can work only for girls with above average confidence in their ability to do well in STEM subjects.
ISSN: 0883-0355
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijer.2021.101821
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Departments: Economics
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This paper was published in International Journal of Educational Research and is made available with permission of Elsevier Ltd.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SSS Journal Articles

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