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Title: 土生文化 :新加坡私人土生文化馆 = Peranakan culture : a study of private peranakan home museum in Singapore
Authors: 王蕙瑜 Ong, Hwee Yu
Keywords: Humanities::Language::Chinese
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: 王蕙瑜 Ong, H. Y. (2021). 土生文化 :新加坡私人土生文化馆 = Peranakan culture : a study of private peranakan home museum in Singapore. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: 土生华人,又称峇峇(男性)和娘惹(女性),是结合了华族和马来族文化,加上当时的新加坡是在英殖民地政府的统治下,因此,土生文化可以说是参杂了华族,马来族,和西方的文化,进而变成独特。为了保留此文化,新加坡在2008年建立了一间庞大的土生文化馆,里面摆设了各式各样关于土生文化的历史物件。除了政府资助的博物馆之外,新加坡也有私人文化馆。有些土生华人用自己的资金在私家塾内开设小型博物馆,自己当起讲解员的职位,想着尽自己的一份力来保留土生文化。私人文化馆的形式之所以不同是因为他们更有自由发挥空间,所以提供的体验形式更多样化,也更吸引且满足不同群体的需求。可是,没有政府资助也代表着私人文化馆如果面对难题的话,他们得自力更生。现在全世界面对着疫情的问题,让旅游业受到了严重打击,而这些私人文化馆更是面临了前所未有的难题。在这样的情况之下,他们选择坚持下来,甚至踏出舒适圈尝试新的体验形式来更好迎合社会需求。这看似冒险的一步却换来了意想不到的成功,也让私人文化馆能够在艰难情局化险为夷。因此,本文通过研究来进一步探讨新加坡私人土生文化馆的形式且他们如何改进自己,然后通过分析来看其中的效果是否真的达到了原有的目的。Peranakans, also known as Baba (male) and Nyonya (female), are a combination of Chinese and Malay cultures. In addition, since Singapore was under the rule of the British colonial government at that time, Peranakan culture can be said to be a mixture of Chinese, Malay and Western cultures, which all integrated and became a unique culture. In order to preserve this culture, Singapore established the Peranakan Museum in 2008, which display various historical objects about Peranakan culture. Other than government-funded museums, Singapore also has private cultural museums as well. Some Peranakans set up smaller-scale museums in their homes at their own expenses, and took up the role of the audio guide themselves in order to do their part in preserving the culture. These private museums are different as they have more freedom to provide more diversified forms of experience, which in turn are more attractive and able to meet the needs of different groups of people. However, the lack of government funding also means that they will have to be self-reliant. In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic right now, tourism industry was severely hit and these private cultural museums are facing an unprecedented problem. Under such circumstances, they still chose to persevere, and even step out of their comfort zone to try new forms of experience services to better cater to current social needs. This seemingly risky step resulted in unexpected success, and allowed them to overcome the difficult situation for now. Therefore, this article will further explore what private Peranakan museums in Singapore got to offer and how they improve their services, and then analyses to see whether the effect achieved has met the original purpose.
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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