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Title: 《品花宝鉴》中的戏园文化与优伶形象 = The theatre culture and actor images in Pin Hua Bao Jian
Authors: 丁瑞恩 Teng, Rui En
Keywords: Humanities::Language::Chinese
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: 丁瑞恩 Teng, R. E. (2021). 《品花宝鉴》中的戏园文化与优伶形象 = The theatre culture and actor images in Pin Hua Bao Jian. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: 《品花宝鉴》出版于清代道光年间,为清代常州人陈森所著,是一部以描写士伶关系为主,反映当时京城梨园生活的的长篇小说,属于中国早期狭邪小说之一。《品花宝鉴》敏感的题材与露骨的性描写,使其被清朝政府列为六大禁书之一。小说文学于明朝蓬勃发展,写作技巧逐渐成熟精炼,开放的思想也使向来隐秘的同性恋文学渐渐浮上台面,开始出现《弁而钗》、《龙阳逸史》等主要以男同性恋为题材的短篇小说。《品花宝鉴》延续传统同性恋文学的题材,减少了男男间性爱互动的描写,更多以超越欲望的精神境界去刻画男性之间的浪漫故事,将当时的戏园生活文化生动地描写在小说中。 本文将细读小说,通过文本对京城梨园生活与士伶形象的描写,以期了解作者对于当时京城梨园生活的思想感情。本文首先从历史角度了解戏园文化的起源,加以分析其与清朝社会之间的关系,并探讨梨园内的男风文化。接着结合文本,通过士伶二者形象的描写,分析其双面形象,即红相公与黑相公的书写意义,并探讨两者之间的关系。本文旨在通过全面分析《品花宝鉴》,以期更好地了解清代中晚期京城梨园生活与戏园文化之间的关系,并从士伶形象的书写,探讨《品花宝鉴》如何体现清朝中晚时期的戏园文化与梨园生活。 关键词:《品花宝鉴》 梨园私寓制 男色 士人 伶人 Pin Hua Bao Jian was published in the Daoguang Period of the Qing Dynasty and was written by Chen Sen, a native of Changzhou in the Qing Dynasty. It is a novel that mainly describes the relationship between scholars and actors and reflects the life in Liyuan, Beijing. It belongs to the early Chinese novels of Xia Xie. one. The sensitive subject matter and explicit sexual description of Pin Hua Bao Jian made it one of the six banned books by the Qing government. Fiction literature flourished in the Ming Dynasty, writing skills gradually matured and refined, and open minds also made the always secret homosexual literature gradually come to the fore, beginning to appear Bian Er Chai, Long Yang Yi Shi and other short stories mainly based on man homoerotic. Pin Hua Bao Jian continues the themes of traditional man homoerotic literature, reduces the description of male-male sexual interaction, and uses a spiritual realm that transcends desire to portray romantic stories between males, vividly depicting the life and culture of the theatre at that time in the novel. In this article, I will read the novel carefully and describe the life in Liyuan, Beijing and the image of scholars through the text, in order to understand the author's thoughts and feelings about the life in Liyuan, Beijing at that time. I will first understand the origin of the theatre culture from a historical perspective, analyses its relationship with the Qing Dynasty society, and discuss the male style culture in the pear garden. Then combined with the text, through the description of the two images of scholars, analyse the two-sided images of the actors, which are the writing meaning of the red and black actors, and explore the relationship between the two. This article aims to analyse the Pin Hua Bao Jian in order to better understand the relationship between the life of Liyuan, Beijing and the theatre culture in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. It reflects the theatre culture and Liyuan life in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. Keywords: Pin Hua Bao Jian; Liyuan System; Male Love; Scholars; Actors
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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