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Title: Functionalized MXene enabled sustainable water harvesting and desalination
Authors: Fei, Jipeng
Koh, See Wee
Tu, Wengguang
Ge, Junyu
Hamid, Rezaeyan
Hou, Shuai
Duan Hongwei
Lam, Yee Cheong
Li, Hong
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering::Water treatment
Engineering::Environmental engineering::Water supply
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Fei, J., Koh, S. W., Tu, W., Ge, J., Hamid, R., Hou, S., Duan Hongwei, Lam, Y. C. & Li, H. (2020). Functionalized MXene enabled sustainable water harvesting and desalination. Advanced Sustainable Systems, 4(9), 2000102-.
Project: M408050000
RG101/18 (S)
Journal: Advanced Sustainable Systems
Abstract: Solar irradiation is a promising resource for sustainable energy conversion and storage in many technological fields. Interfacial solar steam generator is emerging as a sustainable system for water harvesting under natural solar irradiance. However, natural sunlight is usually insufficient for conventional interfacial (2D absorber) solar steam generators to achieve high solar steam efficiency (>85%). Herein, a functionalized MXene-polymeric membrane-based solar steam generator in a heat localization structure is reported as an efficient water harvesting and desalination system. The functionalized MXene flakes are homogeneously dispersed and encapsulated in polymeric networks of cellulose acetate in the crosslinking process, where water is automatically pumped through the absorber in the embedded nano/micro channels. As such, the fabricated solar steam generator shows a net evaporation rate (with respect to that in the dark condition) of 1.47 kg m−2 h−1 with 92.1% efficiency under 1 sun illumination. Moreover, the salt rejection rate for high salinity seawater (original Na+ concentration is 18 000 mg L−1) reaches up to 97.5%, generating drinkable water that meets the WHO standard. The new photothermal membrane absorber is cost-effective, scalable, washable, and stable under harsh conditions; holding great promise for practical solar desalination applications.
ISSN: 2366-7486
DOI: 10.1002/adsu.202000102
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering 
Research Centres: Centre for Micro-/Nano-electronics (NOVITAS) 
CNRS International NTU THALES Research Alliances 
Rights: © 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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