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Title: Sequencing batch integrated fixed-film activated sludge membrane process for treatment of tapioca processing wastewater
Authors: Nur Izzati Zainuddin
Muhammad Roil Bilad
Lisendra Marbelia
Wiratni Budhijanto
Nasrul Arahman
Afrilia Fahrina
Norazanita Shamsuddin
Zaki Ismail Zaki
Zeinhom M. El-Bahy
Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto
Gunawan, Poernomo
Keywords: Engineering::Chemical engineering::Water in chemical industry
Engineering::Chemical engineering::Processes and operations
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Nur Izzati Zainuddin, Muhammad Roil Bilad, Lisendra Marbelia, Wiratni Budhijanto, Nasrul Arahman, Afrilia Fahrina, Norazanita Shamsuddin, Zaki Ismail Zaki, Zeinhom M. El-Bahy, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto & Gunawan, P. (2021). Sequencing batch integrated fixed-film activated sludge membrane process for treatment of tapioca processing wastewater. Membranes, 11(11), 875-.
Journal: Membranes
Abstract: Tapioca processing industries are very popular in the rural community to produce a variety of foods as the end products. Due to their small scales and scattered locations, they require robust modular systems to operate at low capacity with minimum supervision. This study explores the application of a novel sequencing batch-integrated fixed-film activated sludge membrane (SB-IFASM) process to treat tapioca processing wastewater for reuse purposes. The SB-IFASM employed a gravity-driven system and utilizes biofilm to enhance biodegradation without requiring membrane cleaning. The SB-IFASM utilizes the biofilm as a secondary biodegradation stage to enhance the permeate quality applicable for reuse. A lab-scale SB-IFASM was developed, preliminarily assessed, and used to treat synthetic tapioca processing industry wastewater. The results of short-term filtration tests showed the significant impact of hydrostatic pressure on membrane compaction and instant cake layer formation. Increasing the pressure from 2.2 to 10 kPa lowered the permeability of clean water and activated sludge from 720 to 425 and from 110 to 50 L/m2·h bar, respectively. The unsteady-state operation of the SB-IFASM showed the prominent role of the bio-cake in removing the organics reaching the permeate quality suitable for reuse. High COD removals of 63–98% demonstrated the prominence contribution of the biofilm in enhancing biological performance and ultimate COD removals of >93% make it very attractive for application in small-scale tapioca processing industries. However, the biological ecosystem was unstable, as shown by foaming that deteriorated permeability and was detrimental to the organic removal. Further developments are still required, particularly to address the biological stability and low permeability.
ISSN: 2077-0375
DOI: 10.3390/membranes11110875
Rights: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCBE Journal Articles

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