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Title: Robot-assisted object detection for construction automation : data and information-driven approach
Authors: Muhammad Ilyas
Khaw, Hui Ying
Selvaraj, Nithish Muthuchamy
Jin, Yuxin
Zhao, Xinge
Cheah, Chien Chern
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Muhammad Ilyas, Khaw, H. Y., Selvaraj, N. M., Jin, Y., Zhao, X. & Cheah, C. C. (2021). Robot-assisted object detection for construction automation : data and information-driven approach. IEEE/ASME Transactions On Mechatronics.
Project: 1922200001
Journal: IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
Abstract: In construction automation, robotics solution is becoming an emerging technology with the advent of artificial intelligence and advancement in mechatronic systems. In construction buildings, regular inspections are carried out to ensure project completion as per approved plans and quality standards. Currently, expert human inspectors are deployed onsite to perform inspection tasks with the naked eye and conventional tools. This process is time-consuming, labor-intensive, dangerous, repetitive, and may yield subjective results. In this paper, we propose a robotic system equipped with perception sensors and intelligent algorithms to help construction supervisors remotely identify the construction materials, detect component installations and defects, and generate report of their status and location information. Building Information Model (BIM) is used for mobile robot navigation and to retrieve building component's location information. Unlike the current deep learning-based object detection which depends heavily on training data, this work proposes a data and information-driven approach which incorporates offline training data, sensor data and BIM information to achieve BIM-based object coverage navigation, BIM-based false detection filtering, and a fine manoeuvre technique to improve on object detections during real-time automated task execution by robots. This allows the user to select building components to be inspected and the mobile robot navigates autonomously to the target components using BIM generated navigation map. An object detector then detects the building components and materials and generates an inspection report. The proposed system is verified through laboratory and onsite experiments.
ISSN: 1083-4435
DOI: 10.1109/TMECH.2021.3100306
Rights: © 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. The published version is available at:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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