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Title: Reinterpreting the role of traditional Chinese medicine in public health in rural China in 1970s
Authors: Fang, Xiaoping
Keywords: Humanities::History
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Orient Blackswan
Source: Fang, X. (2015). Reinterpreting the role of traditional Chinese medicine in public health in rural China in 1970s. A. Medcalf, S. Bhattacharya, H. Momen, M. Saavedra & M. Jones (Eds.), Health for All: The Journey to Universal Health Coverage (pp. 63-71). Orient Blackswan.
Abstract: From their first appearance, the barefoot doctors attracted the attention of scholars and social commentators. The barefoot doctor program has been regarded, both inside and outside of China, as “a low-cost solution built around easily available indigenous medicines.” They presented a suitably revolutionary image: young people who waded undaunted through the mud of the rice paddies to provide medical services in answer to Mao’s call to “stress rural areas in medical and health work.” Their main equipment was popularly described as “one silver needle and a bunch of herbs”, a reference to acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine, but they combined Chinese and Western medicine in medical practice. Together with the three-tiered rural medical system, barefoot doctors and cooperative medical services have been associated with improvements in basic health indicators under socialism after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. In the late 1970s, the WHO promoted the Chinese system as a model of primary health care for developing countries.
ISBN: 978 81 250 5900 4
Schools: School of Humanities 
Rights: © 2015 Centre for Global Health Histories, The University of York. This is published on an Open Access basis, as the underpinning research, editing work and translations were funded by the Wellcome Trust. Made available under a Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND Licence.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Books & Book Chapters

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