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Title: Accuracy of thoracolumbar pedicle screw insertion based on routine use of intraoperative imaging and navigation
Authors: Sundaram, Pirateb Paramasivam Meenakshi
Oh, Jacob Yoong-Leong
Tan, Mark
Nolan, Colum Patrick
Yu, Chun Sing
Ling, Ji Min
Keywords: Science::Medicine
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Sundaram, P. P. M., Oh, J. Y., Tan, M., Nolan, C. P., Yu, C. S. & Ling, J. M. (2021). Accuracy of thoracolumbar pedicle screw insertion based on routine use of intraoperative imaging and navigation. Asian Spine Journal, 15(4), 491-497.
Journal: Asian Spine Journal
Abstract: Study Design: Retrospective review. Purpose: To determine the accuracy of thoracolumbar pedicle screw insertion with the routine use of three-dimensional (3D) intraoperative imaging and navigation over a large series of screws in an Asian population. Overview of Literature: The use of 3D intraoperative imaging and navigation in spinal surgery is aimed at improving the accuracy of pedicle screw insertion. This study analyzed 2,240 pedicle screws inserted with the routine use of intraoperative navigation. It is one of very few studies done on an Asian population with a large series of screws. Methods: Patients who had undergone thoracolumbar pedicle screws insertion using intraoperative imaging and navigation between 2009 and 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Computed tomography (CT) images acquired after the insertion of pedicle screws were analyzed for breach of the pedicle wall. The pedicle screw breaches were graded according to the Gertzbein classification. The breach rate and revision rate were subsequently calculated. Results: A total of 2,240 thoracolumbar pedicle screws inserted under the guidance of intraoperative navigation were analyzed, and the accuracy of the insertion was 97.41%. The overall breach rate was 2.59%, the major breach rate was 0.94%, and the intraoperative screw revision rate was 0.7%. There was no incidence of return to the operating theater for revision of screws. Conclusions: The routine use of 3D navigation and intraoperative CT imaging resulted in consistently accurate pedicle screw placement. This improved the safety of spinal instrumentation and helped in avoiding revision surgery for malpositioned screws.
ISSN: 1976-1902
DOI: 10.31616/asj.2020.0068
Rights: © 2021 by Korean Society of Spine Surgery. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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