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Title: Model for cryogenic flashing LNG leak
Authors: Lim, Boon How
Ng, Eddie Yin Kwee
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Lim, B. H. & Ng, E. Y. K. (2021). Model for cryogenic flashing LNG leak. Applied Sciences, 11(19), 9312-.
Journal: Applied Sciences
Abstract: The growth of liquefied natural gas (LNG)’s importance for curbing greenhouse gas emissions has increased the interest in understanding LNG’s risks, particularly regarding small-diameter leaks (<25 mm). Recently, INERIS performed a series of pressurized LNG release experiments for orifice sizes of up to 9 mm. Based on INERIS findings and the Isenthalpic Homogeneous Equilibrium Model (HEM), this paper created a leak model for flashing LNG leak. The leak model consists of nine equations and quantifies leak parameters for risk assessment. One potential use of this leak model is providing an equivalent leak boundary condition for computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation to predict gas dispersion. Using the leak model as input, FLACS gas dispersion simulation was carried out for one INERIS experiment leak case. Compared to TR56, the Singapore safety guideline for LNG bunkering, the dispersion result does not contradict the expected plume reach. Further validation with risk analysis tools and actual experiments is needed to confirm that the leak model is fit for use.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app11199312
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles

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