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Title: Cultural differences in people's psychological responseto COVID-19
Authors: Yap, Suhui
Lee, Albert
Ji, Li-Jun
Li, Ye
Dong, Ying
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Yap, S., Lee, A., Ji, L., Li, Y. & Dong, Y. (2021). Cultural differences in people's psychological responseto COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 636062-.
Project: MOE 002511-00001 
MOE 020167- 00001 
Journal: Frontiers in Psychology 
Abstract: The present research studied Chinese and Euro-Canadian students during the COVID-19 pandemic, focusing on their affect, optimism, well-being, and meaning in life. The results revealed both differences and similarities across cultures. As predicted, Chinese participants reported more positive affect and less negative affect, higher optimism, higher state psychological well-being, and higher meaning presence, compared to Euro-Canadian participants. The findings were replicated after a week's delay. Analyses on longitudinal data showed that state optimism, state well-being, and meaning presence influenced one another over time. These variables also mediated the cultural differences in one another. These results are consistent with cultural work on naïve dialecticism and non-linear lay theory of change. Results also demonstrate underlying relationships among the constructs that are common to both cultural groups. Broadly, the present research highlights the impact of culture on people's response to challenging life situations and the mechanisms underlying these cultural differences.
ISSN: 1664-1078
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.636062
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Rights: © 2021 Yap, Lee, Ji, Li and Dong. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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