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Title: 1980 年代中国抒情小说研究 = A study on Chinese lyrical fictions in Mainland China in the 1980s
Authors: 李云飞 = Li, Yunfei
Keywords: Humanities::Literature::Chinese
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: 李云飞 = Li, Y. (2021). 1980 年代中国抒情小说研究 = A study on Chinese lyrical fictions in Mainland China in the 1980s. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: 抒情小说是融合了抒情诗特质的特殊小说文体,其根本动力在于主体情志的抒发。在1980 年代的中国,人道主义成为最具整合力的意识形态,个人性抒情在“人的重新发现”的背景中得以彰显,使得抒情小说蔚为大观。本论文将在文本细读的基础上,将抒情小说这一文学现象进行理论化思考,同时打开文本空间,历史化、脉络化地解读,在此基础上进而思辨现代与传统、个人与集体、文学与意识形态之间的关系与张力。论文主要以七位代表性作家之小说为分析对象,分类探讨与抒情小说相关的四个议题:以汪曾祺和何立伟为例讨论新时期文学对于古典文学传统的继承,以张承志和邓刚为例讨论当时引起广泛关注的青年主体重建问题,以苏童和吕新为例讨论先锋小说的抒情性,以迟子建为例讨论神性自然和生态整体主义的思想。希冀挖掘抒情小说蕴含的丰富性和复杂性,并以此把握1980 年代思想文化的主要脉络。Lyrical fiction is a sub-genre of fictions which combines the characteristics of fiction and lyric poetry. Its narrative impetus lies in the expression of the subject's emotions. The surge of lyrical fictions was a typical literary phenomenon in Mainland China in the 1980s mostly because humanitarianism was the dominant ideology at that time, which was beneficial for individuals to express their feelings and emotions to the utmost. Based on close reading of some representative lyrical fictions, this thesis is trying to interpret them historically and contextually. On this basis, it will further speculate on the relationship and tension between modernity and tradition, individual and collectivity, literature and ideology. This thesis mainly analyzes seven representative writers and discusses four topics related to lyrical fictions in categories. Firstly, by taking Wang Zengqi (汪曾祺) and He Liwei (何立伟) as examples, this thesis discusses the conversion and inheritance of classical lyrical tradition in the new era. Besides, Zhang Chengzhi (张承志) and Deng Gang (邓刚)’s works explicitly show the reconstruction of the subject of the young generation, which aroused social concern at that time. Furthermore, Su Tong (苏童) and Lü Xin (吕新)’s work can exemplify the special lyricism of avant-garde fictions. In the last part, it discusses Chi Zijian (迟子建)’s lyrical fictions. Unlike the other writers mentioned above, the lyricism in her fictions depends mostly on the divineness of nature and ecological holism. Through these discussions, this thesis hopes to better explore the richness and complexity of lyrical fictions and comprehend the ideology and culture in Mainland China in the 1980s.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/154531
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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