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Title: Effects of adding natural sounds to urban noises on the perceived loudness of noise and soundscape quality
Authors: Hong, Joo Young
Ong, Zhen-Ting
Lam, Bhan
Ooi, Kenneth
Gan, Woon-Seng
Kang, Jian
Feng, Jing
Tan, Sze-Tiong
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Hong, J. Y., Ong, Z., Lam, B., Ooi, K., Gan, W., Kang, J., Feng, J. & Tan, S. (2020). Effects of adding natural sounds to urban noises on the perceived loudness of noise and soundscape quality. Science of the Total Environment, 711, 134571-.
Project: L2NICCFP2-2015-5
Journal: Science of the Total Environment
Abstract: Introducing pleasant natural sounds to mask urban noises is an important soundscape design strategy to improve acoustic comfort. This study investigates the effects of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) between natural sounds (signal) and the target noises (noise) and their temporal characteristics on the perceived loudness of noise (PLN) and overall soundscape quality (OSQ) through a laboratory experiment. Two types of urban noise sources (hydraulic breaker and traffic noises) were set to A-weighted equivalent sound pressure levels (SPL) of 55, 65, and 75 dB and then augmented with two types of natural sounds (birdsong and stream), across a range of SNRs. Each acoustic stimulus was a combination of noise and natural sound at SNRs from -6 to 6 dB. Averaged across all cases, the subjective assessment of PLN showed that augmenting urban noise separately with the two natural sounds reduced the PLN by 17.9%, with no significant differences found between the birdsong and stream sounds. Adding natural sounds increased the OSQ by on average 18.3% across the cases, but their effects gradually decreased as the noise level increased. The OSQ of the birdsong and stream sounds were similar for traffic noise, whereas the stream sound was rated higher than the birdsong for the breaker noise. The results suggest that increasing the dissimilarity in temporal structure between the target noise and natural sounds could enhance the soundscape quality. Appropriate SNRs were explored considering both PLN and OSQ. The results showed that the SNR of -6 dB was desirable when the A-weighted SPL of the noise rose to 75 dB.
ISSN: 0048-9697
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134571
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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