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|Title:||Identification of soluble microbial products (SMPs) from the fermentation and methanogenic phases of anaerobic digestion||Authors:||Kunacheva, Chinagarn
Soh, Yan Ni Annie
Stuckey, David C.
|Keywords:||Engineering::Environmental engineering||Issue Date:||2020||Source:||Kunacheva, C., Soh, Y. N. A. & Stuckey, D. C. (2020). Identification of soluble microbial products (SMPs) from the fermentation and methanogenic phases of anaerobic digestion. Science of the Total Environment, 698, 134177-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134177||Journal:||Science of the Total Environment||Abstract:||The production and transformation of Soluble Microbial Products (SMPs) in biological treatment systems is complex, and their genesis and reasons for production are still unclear. SMPs are important since they constitute the main fraction of effluent COD (both aerobic and anaerobic), and hence are the main precursors for disinfection by-products (DBPs). In addition, they are a key component of fouling in membrane bioreactors. Hence, it is important to identify the chemical composition of SMPs, determine their origin, and understand what system parameters influence their production so we can possibly develop strategies to control their production. This study focuses on the production and identification of SMPs in an anaerobic batch process being fed a synthetic feed. To further understand the origins of SMPs, and how they are produced, we analysed the processes of fermentation and methanogenesis independently which has never been done in detail before. SMP concentration, molecular weight distribution and carbohydrate analyses were used to estimate the amount of SMPs in the supernatants. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-Time-of-Flight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-Q-ToF) were used to identify many of the SMPs which have relative masses up to 2 kDa. Our results showed that fermentation released much higher SMP concentrations compared to methanogenesis, especially in the range of 70 k-1000 k Da and 106-1500 Da. Alkanes, alkenes, alcohols, acids, and nitrogen-compounds were the major group of compounds identified in the supernatant of both fermentation and methanogenesis, and 71% of the compounds identified were found in both phases of digestion. Results from LC-ESI-Q-ToF analysis identified components of the cell membrane, such as phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine, as well as other compounds such as flavonoids, acylglycerol, terpene and terpenoids, benzenoid, glyceride, steroid and steroid derivatives.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/154609||ISSN:||0048-9697||DOI:||10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134177||Rights:||© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved||Fulltext Permission:||none||Fulltext Availability:||No Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||NEWRI Journal Articles|
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