Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/154614
Title: A framework for assessing the adequacy of Water Quality Index - quantifying parameter sensitivity and uncertainties in missing values distribution
Authors: Pak, Hui Ying
Chuah, C Joon
Tan, Mou Leong
Yong, Ee Ling
Snyder, Shane A
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Pak, H. Y., Chuah, C. J., Tan, M. L., Yong, E. L. & Snyder, S. A. (2021). A framework for assessing the adequacy of Water Quality Index - quantifying parameter sensitivity and uncertainties in missing values distribution. Science of the Total Environment, 751, 141982-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141982
Journal: Science of the Total Environment
Abstract: Water quality monitoring is a pillar in water resource management, but it can be resource intensive, especially for developing countries with limited resources. As such, Water Quality Indices (WQI) are developed to summarise general water quality, but efforts to assess the utility, flexibility, and practicality of WQI have been limited. In this study, we introduced an additional step to the traditional WQI development framework by introducing an adjusted form of WQI (WQIADJUSTED) to handle missing values, and capitalise on the remaining available information for the development of a WQI. A Sub-WQI was also developed to address local water quality conditions. WQI results (weighted and non-weighted) developed using different parameter optimisation methods, namely Multivariate Linear Regression and Principal Component Analysis were compared. To build upon the current framework, a new procedure was developed to assess the adequacy of WQI based on the sensitivity analysis of parameters and uncertainties associated with each parameter's missing values distribution. The number of observations needed for the development of a robust WQI was optimised with respect to user-defined acceptable change in WQI, based on Monte Carlo probabilistic simulation. The Johor River Basin (JRB), Malaysia is used as a case-study for the application of this new framework. The JRB serves as an important resource for Johor, one of the most populous state in Malaysia, and Singapore, a country south of Johor. WQIMLR performed better in explaining the general water quality than WQIPCA for weighted water quality parameters. Optimisation of sampling frequency revealed that around 130 samples will be required if a 2% change in WQI can be tolerated. The results (specific to the JRB) also revealed that total coliform is the most sensitivity parameter to missing values, and the distribution of sensitive parameters are similar for both WQINON-ADJUSTED and WQIADJUSTED.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/154614
ISSN: 0048-9697
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.141982
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NEWRI Journal Articles

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