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dc.contributor.authorYang, Yangen_US
dc.contributor.authorRuan, Shaoqinen_US
dc.contributor.authorWu, Shifanen_US
dc.contributor.authorChu, Jianen_US
dc.contributor.authorUnluer, Ciseen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Hanlongen_US
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Liangen_US
dc.identifier.citationYang, Y., Ruan, S., Wu, S., Chu, J., Unluer, C., Liu, H. & Cheng, L. (2020). Biocarbonation of reactive magnesia for soil improvement. Acta Geotechnica, 16(4), 1113-1125.
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents a new microbial technique for soil improvement through microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) incorporating with reactive magnesia cement (RMC). Through a microbially induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) process, hydrated magnesium carbonates (HMCs) are produced due to biological carbonation of hydrated RMC, which then act as cementation agents to bind soil particles. The influence of several parameters including the RMC content, urea content, and water content on the MICP efficiency was investigated. The performance of the biocarbonated RMC-based sand samples was evaluated using unconfined compressive strength and permeability measurements. Microstructural analyses including scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analysis were also performed to understand the mechanisms behind the treatment. Biocarbonated RMC-based sand samples were compared with the biocement-treated samples using the conventional MICP method. The experimental results indicated the formation of different types of biocarbonation phases enabled by the carbonate ions produced by urea hydrolysis via microbial metabolism. These phases, identified as HMCs, have provided strong bonding to loose sand particles to increase its early strength. The HMCs also occupy the pores of sand matrix to reduce its permeability. The unconfined compressive strength gained at 28 days was up to 2.3 MPa, and the reduction in permeability was up to 1.8 × 10−7 m/s among the tests carried out. The obtained findings have demonstrated that the biocarbonation of reactive magnesia approach is effective for soil improvement.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Education (MOE)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofActa Geotechnicaen_US
dc.rights© 2020 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Civil engineeringen_US
dc.titleBiocarbonation of reactive magnesia for soil improvementen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.keywordsMicrobially Induced Carbonate Precipitationen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThe authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Grant No MOE2015-T2-2-142 provided by the Ministry of Education, Singapore, and the Centre for Urban Solutions, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, to complete this research project.en_US
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