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dc.contributor.authorMane, Ravikiranen_US
dc.contributor.authorChouhan, Tusharen_US
dc.contributor.authorGuan, Cuntaien_US
dc.identifier.citationMane, R., Chouhan, T. & Guan, C. (2020). BCI for stroke rehabilitation: motor and beyond. Journal of Neural Engineering, 17(4), 041001-.
dc.description.abstractStroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability among adults and contributes to major socio-economic burden globally. Stroke frequently results in multifaceted impairments including motor, cognitive and emotion deficits. In recent years, brain-computer interface (BCI)-based therapy has shown promising results for post-stroke motor rehabilitation. In spite of the success received by BCI-based interventions in the motor domain, non-motor impairments are yet to receive similar attention in research and clinical settings. Some preliminary encouraging results in post-stroke cognitive rehabilitation using BCI seem to suggest that it may also hold potential for treating non-motor deficits such as cognitive and emotion impairments. Moreover, past studies have shown an intricate relationship between motor, cognitive and emotion functions which might influence the overall post-stroke rehabilitation outcome. A number of studies highlight the inability of current treatment protocols to account for the implicit interplay between motor, cognitive and emotion functions. This indicates the necessity to explore an all-inclusive treatment plan targeting the synergistic influence of these standalone interventions. This approach may lead to better overall recovery than treating the individual deficits in isolation. In this paper, we review the recent advances in BCI-based post-stroke motor rehabilitation and highlight the potential for the use of BCI systems beyond the motor domain, in particular, in improving cognition and emotion of stroke patients. Building on the current results and findings of studies in individual domains, we next discuss the possibility of a holistic BCI system for motor, cognitive and affect rehabilitation which may synergistically promote restorative neuroplasticity. Such a system would provide an all-encompassing rehabilitation platform, leading to overarching clinical outcomes and transfer of these outcomes to a better quality of living. This is one of the first works to analyse the possibility of targeting cross-domain influence of post-stroke functional recovery enabled by BCI-based rehabilitation.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Neural Engineeringen_US
dc.rights© 2020 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Computer science and engineeringen_US
dc.titleBCI for stroke rehabilitation: motor and beyonden_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Computer Science and Engineeringen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
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