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Title: Intumescent fire-retardant acrylic coatings : effects of additive loading ratio and scale of testing
Authors: Ng, Yan Hao
Dasari, Aravind
Tan, Kang Hang
Qian, Lijun
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Ng, Y. H., Dasari, A., Tan, K. H. & Qian, L. (2021). Intumescent fire-retardant acrylic coatings : effects of additive loading ratio and scale of testing. Progress in Organic Coatings, 150, 105985-.
Project: L2NICCFP1-2013-4
NTU-JTC I3C (RCAs 16/277 and 17/365)
Journal: Progress in Organic Coatings
Abstract: This work explores the importance of varying the ratio of conventional flame-retardant additives and the scale of testing on the thermal and flammability/fire performance of acrylic-based coatings. Ammonium polyphosphate (APP), pentaerythritol (PER), and expandable graphite (EG) are used as intumescent additives by varying their ratios as 1:1:3 or 1:3:1 or 3:1:1. APP, PER and EG are used as acid source, carbonising agent and blowing agent, respectively. Despite the different roles of APP, PER, and EG, in all the compositions, the physical mechanism of exfoliation of graphite played an important role in offering the fire protection. With higher loadings of EG, the fire-resistance time was higher. However, there were clear differences in the protection extent when tested in a furnace under one-dimensional heat transfer conditions (bench-scale) as opposed to three-dimensional large-scale testing. Parameters that are not intrinsic to the coating system like char cohesion, cracking, delamination from the substrate, rapid and non-directional expansion, and even higher heat fluxes experienced by the edges of the I steel section affect the fire performance.
ISSN: 0300-9440
DOI: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2020.105985
Schools: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
School of Materials Science and Engineering 
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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