Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/155499
Title: Data-driven estimation of building energy consumption with multi-source heterogeneous data
Authors: Pan, Yue
Zhang, Limao
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Pan, Y. & Zhang, L. (2020). Data-driven estimation of building energy consumption with multi-source heterogeneous data. Applied Energy, 268, 114965-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114965
Project: M4011971.030
M4082160.030
Journal: Applied Energy
Abstract: For better energy evaluation and management, a categorical boosting (CatBoost)-based predictive method is presented to accurately estimate building energy consumption by learning large volumes of multi-source heterogeneous data collected from buildings. To be specific, the newly-developed CatBoost model belonging to the ensemble learning has superiority in handling categorical variables and producing reliable results. As a case study, our proposed method is validated in a multi-dimensional dataset about Seattle's building energy performance provided by the city's government, aiming to estimate the weather normalized site energy use intensity of buildings and characterize its non-linear relationship with other 12 possible influential features. Results from the 5-fold cross-validation demonstrate that the model exhibits a strong ability in predicting the exact value of energy intensity precisely, which can even outperform popular machine learning algorithms including random forest and gradient boosting decision tree under R2 of 0.897. Based on a defined threshold, these predicted values can be classified as the normal or abnormal energy consumption reaching an accuracy of 99.32% for outlier detection, which is helpful in alarming potential risks at an early stage and developing strategies to enhance the energy efficiency. Moreover, results from the established model can be interpreted objectively, suggesting that features concerning the physical and energy characteristics contribute more to energy estimation than environmental features. Since such results understand the building energy consumption and efficiency in a data-driven manner, they can eventually serve as guidance for building owners and designers in designing and renovating buildings to achieve better energy-conserving performance.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/155499
ISSN: 0306-2619
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114965
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles

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