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Title: Temporal loss boundary engineered photonic cavity
Authors: Cong, Longqing
Han, Jiaguang
Zhang, Weili
Singh, Ranjan
Keywords: Science::Physics
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Cong, L., Han, J., Zhang, W. & Singh, R. (2021). Temporal loss boundary engineered photonic cavity. Nature Communications, 12(1), 6940-.
Project: MOE2016-T3-1-006
Journal: Nature Communications
Abstract: Losses are ubiquitous and unavoidable in nature inhibiting the performance of most optical processes. Manipulating losses to adjust the dissipation of photons is analogous to braking a running car that is as important as populating photons via a gain medium. Here, we introduce the transient loss boundary into a photon populated cavity that functions as a 'photon brake' and probe photon dynamics by engineering the 'brake timing' and 'brake strength'. Coupled cavity photons can be distinguished by stripping one photonic mode through controlling the loss boundary, which enables the transition from a coupled to an uncoupled state. We interpret the transient boundary as a perturbation by considering both real and imaginary parts of permittivity, and the dynamic process is modeled with a temporal two-dipole oscillator: one with the natural resonant polarization and the other with a frequency-shift polarization. The model unravels the underlying mechanism of concomitant coherent spectral oscillations and generation of tone-tuning cavity photons in the braking process. By synthesizing the temporal loss boundary into a photon populated cavity, a plethora of interesting phenomena and applications are envisioned such as the observation of quantum squeezed states, low-loss nonreciprocal waveguides and ultrafast beam scanning devices.
ISSN: 2041-1723
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-27014-z
DOI (Related Dataset): 10.21979/N9/EXZCGV
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit licenses/by/4.0/.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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