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Title: Semi-supervised learning of functional connectome for disease classification
Authors: Yew, Wei Chee
Keywords: Engineering::Computer science and engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Yew, W. C. (2022). Semi-supervised learning of functional connectome for disease classification. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Project: SCSE21-0453
Abstract: Overfitting is a common problem when computational models are applied on neuroimaging datasets, which are high-dimensional and small in terms of sample sizes, resulting in poor inferences such as ungeneralizable biomarkers. One way to overcome this is to pool datasets of similar diseases that are collected from other sites to augment the small dataset. However, such efforts may introduce undesirable variations due to site effects and inconsistent labeling. To mitigate these issues, two encoder-decoder-classifier architectures were proposed to carry out semi-supervised learning (SSL). Using novel multi-objective joint loss functions, end-to-end training could be applied on these architectures. The use of SSL led to a consistent increment in the model accuracy for the task of classifying between healthy subjects and patients with diseases including autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (2.5% accuracy increment in average) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (1.0% accuracy increment in average). In addition, performing data harmonization simultaneously with SSL led to even greater improvements (+5.5% for ASD and +3.3% for ADHD in average). Biomarkers generated from the proposed method could potentially represent site-invariant biomarkers as they were shown to place more emphasis on a subset of previously discovered site-specific biomarkers. This could provide deeper insights in differentiating between site-specific and site-invariant biomarkers. The findings in this report emphasize the importance of taking both site effects and labeling inconsistencies into account when gathering datasets from multiple sites to overcome neuroimaging data paucity. In light of the increasing reliance on retrospectively aggregated open-source datasets in neuroimaging research, our architectures provide solutions to handle site effects and data paucity.
Schools: School of Computer Science and Engineering 
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCSE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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