Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/156974
Title: Unraveling the role of support membrane chemistry and pore properties on the formation of thin-film composite polyamide membranes
Authors: Lim, Yu Jie
Goh, Kunli
Lai, Gwo Sung
Zhao, Yali
Torres, Jaume
Wang, Rong
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Lim, Y. J., Goh, K., Lai, G. S., Zhao, Y., Torres, J. & Wang, R. (2021). Unraveling the role of support membrane chemistry and pore properties on the formation of thin-film composite polyamide membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 640, 119805-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119805
Project: PUB-1801-0010 
Journal: Journal of Membrane Science 
Abstract: Nanoscale characteristics of the polyamide layer are key towards the high desalination performance of thin-film composite reverse osmosis (TFC-RO) membranes. Further advancements in the performance of TFC membranes necessitate a comprehensive understanding of the desired polyamide characteristics and its formation mechanisms. Empirical evidence has shown that the properties of the support layer is as equally important as the interfacial polymerization (IP) conditions in the fabrication of high permselectivity TFC membranes for desalination. Herein, we discuss the properties of polyamide layers formed using identical IP conditions over support membranes of different polymers and chemistries (polyethersulfone, polyetherimide and polysulfone) under fairly similar surface pore properties. The characteristics of the polyamide layers formed thereon displayed different physicochemical properties. It is postulated that the support membrane chemistry actually affects the IP reaction and polyamide formation by controlling the amine diffusion speed as well as the breadth of the IP reaction zone (i.e., the region between the interface and the furthest point in which the reaction occurs). Transmission electron microscopy analyses further revealed the nanoscale differences in the polyamide layer (heights ranging from 50 to 200 nm), including intrinsic thickness of basal layer (~10–35 nm) and leaf-like top layer (~20–85 nm), as well as the presence of nanovoids. Finally, we propose a conceptual model to underline the role of support membrane chemistry in the IP reaction, and consequently the formation mechanism of the nanoscale polyamide features. The mechanistic insights from this study are expected to provide more understanding towards a better control over the fabrication of polyamide layers for TFC membranes. The findings in this work are also expected to facilitate tailoring polyamide layers for specific osmotically driven processes.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/156974
ISSN: 0376-7388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2021.119805
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Journal of Membrane Science and is made available with permission of Elsevier B.V.
Fulltext Permission: embargo_20231222
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles
IGS Journal Articles
NEWRI Journal Articles
SBS Journal Articles

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