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Title: Hardware implementation of a power efficient CGRA with single-cycle multi-hop datapaths
Authors: Su, Lingzhi
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Computer hardware, software and systems
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Su, L. (2022). Hardware implementation of a power efficient CGRA with single-cycle multi-hop datapaths. Master's thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: Coarse-grained reconfigurable architectures (CGRAs) are computing architectures that provide word-level reconfigurability. CGRAs can achieve high throughput and high power efficiency, while maintaining post-fabrication computing flexibil- ity. In this dissertation, a 167-GOPS/W CGRA design with single-cycle multi- hop datapaths, named PACE, is proposed. The hardware architectures including processing element (PE), algorithm logic unit (ALU), routers, and on-chip pe- ripherals are presented. ALU input gating technique and no operation (NOP) clock gating technique are integrated with PEs to reduce power consumption of the ALU and PE module by 68.66% and 39.11%, respectively. In terms of hardware implementation, memory timing problem and combina- tional logic loop issue are discussed in this dissertation. Memory interface cir- cuit with buffer registers and inverted clock is introduced to static random ac- cess memory (SRAM) devices to achieve high speed and single-cycle latency. Constraints on combinational logic loop for flatten and hierarchy synthesis flows are respectively presented, to provide a detailed static timing analysis on the by- pass datapaths. Demonstrations based on FPGA and computer system are also provided, with successful running in applications such as the array add, general matrix multiplication (GEMM), and so on. A PACE chip is also successfully implemented on silicon at 100-MHz frequency.
Schools: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Theses

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