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dc.contributor.authorOng, Zhen Zhenen_US
dc.identifier.citationOng, Z. Z. (2022). The provincial influence and paradiplomacy of Yunnan and Guangxi within the belt and road initiative in Southeast Asia. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
dc.description.abstractMost interpretations of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) are premised on the assumption that China is a unitary foreign policy actor and the BRI is a coherent, centrally-led grand strategy aimed at achieving the nation’s geopolitical and strategic goals. This essay challenges this conventional wisdom by applying Liu and Song’s three dimensions of international actorness to examine how Yunnan and Guangxi conduct paradiplomacy and influence the formulation and implementation of the BRI within Southeast Asia. By illustrating the means at which both provinces lobby the central government and engage in the conduct and management of their foreign relations, this essay analyses the dual presence of internal and external provincial agency, respectively. Recognising the competitive dynamics between Yunnan and Guangxi, this paper further discusses the implications of interprovincial competition on the BRI’s reception in Southeast Asia.en_US
dc.publisherNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Political science::International relationsen_US
dc.titleThe provincial influence and paradiplomacy of Yunnan and Guangxi within the belt and road initiative in Southeast Asiaen_US
dc.typeFinal Year Project (FYP)en_US
dc.contributor.supervisorDylan Loh Ming Huien_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.description.degreeBachelor of Social Sciences in Public Policy and Global Affairsen_US
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