Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159198
Title: The provincial influence and paradiplomacy of Yunnan and Guangxi within the belt and road initiative in Southeast Asia
Authors: Ong, Zhen Zhen
Keywords: Social sciences::Political science::International relations
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Ong, Z. Z. (2022). The provincial influence and paradiplomacy of Yunnan and Guangxi within the belt and road initiative in Southeast Asia. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159198
Project: HA21_22 
Abstract: Most interpretations of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) are premised on the assumption that China is a unitary foreign policy actor and the BRI is a coherent, centrally-led grand strategy aimed at achieving the nation’s geopolitical and strategic goals. This essay challenges this conventional wisdom by applying Liu and Song’s three dimensions of international actorness to examine how Yunnan and Guangxi conduct paradiplomacy and influence the formulation and implementation of the BRI within Southeast Asia. By illustrating the means at which both provinces lobby the central government and engage in the conduct and management of their foreign relations, this essay analyses the dual presence of internal and external provincial agency, respectively. Recognising the competitive dynamics between Yunnan and Guangxi, this paper further discusses the implications of interprovincial competition on the BRI’s reception in Southeast Asia.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159198
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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