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Title: The influence of orthographic depth of mother tongue languages on reading performance in English
Authors: Chen, Ying Jie
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Chen, Y. J. (2022). The influence of orthographic depth of mother tongue languages on reading performance in English. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Project: NTU-JHU Collaborative Grant, IRB-2016-10-009-04 
Abstract: Orthographic depth is a linguistic feature that is concerned with grapheme to phoneme conversion of a written language. It plays an important role in reading performance. The orthographic depth hypothesis postulates that orthographic depth is negatively correlated with ease of reading acquisition. Cognitive-linguistic, language background, and socioeconomic factors are also seen to influence reading performance. Consequently, this study aims to understand the difference in reading performance amongst Chinese-English and Tamil-English bilinguals. 132 of these bilinguals underwent behavioural tests and a language background questionnaire, where the testing components were indicators of factors of interest. Statistical analyses reveal that orthographic depth does not significantly influence reading performance in adult bilinguals. Certain cognitive-linguistic features such as Phonological Awareness, Phonological Memory and Receptive Vocabulary played a significant role in influencing reading accuracy. Amongst the socioeconomic and language background factors, only Socioeconomic Status played a significant role in reading accuracy. Exploratory research showed a significant interaction between reader conditions and word types in predicting reading reaction time. These findings highlight the importance of understanding the confluence of multidisciplinary factors in influencing reading performance in a bilingual context, as well as exploring the role of the linguistic feature in atypical reader conditions such as adults with dyslexia. Keywords: Orthographic Depth, Reading Performance, Bilingualism, Cognitive-linguistic
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Research Centres: Centre for Research and Development in Learning (CRADLE) 
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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