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dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Paul J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMuhammad Irfansyah Lubisen_US
dc.contributor.authorFahrul Amamaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMarthy, Williamen_US
dc.contributor.authorZimmermann, Alexandraen_US
dc.identifier.citationArdiantiono, Sugiyo, Johnson, P. J., Muhammad Irfansyah Lubis, Fahrul Amama, Sukatmoko, Marthy, W. & Zimmermann, A. (2021). Towards coexistence: can people's attitudes explain their willingness to live with Sumatran elephants in Indonesia?. Conservation Science and Practice, 3(10), e520-.
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding coexistence between humans and threatened wildlife is a central focus in conservation. Way Kambas National Park in Sumatra Island, Indonesia, harbors one of the largest populations of the critically endangered Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus). The people who live alongside this population are affected by intensive crop foraging. Our study investigated the factors which influenced attitudes toward elephants. We then evaluated the implications of reported attitudes for future willingness to live with elephants. We surveyed 660 respondents in 22 villages around the park. People generally reported positive attitudes toward elephants (smartness 95%, usefulness 62%, importance 57%, and pleasantness 53%), apart from where human safety was concerned (safety 11%). Each dimension of attitude was explained by different factors including age, gender, knowledge of elephants, and distance to crop foraging locations. Most respondents (62%) expressed no willingness to coexist with elephants. Such willingness was lower when elephants were perceived to be more dangerous, but higher if beliefs in the benefits of elephants were greater. Efforts to improve crop foraging mitigation practice and to increase people's awareness of elephant benefits may promote support for their conservation. Through this study, we advocate the integration of social science to promote human–wildlife coexistence strategies, an approach that is currently limited in Indonesia.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofConservation Science and Practiceen_US
dc.rights© 2021 The Authors. Conservation Science and Practice published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, providedthe original work is properly cited.en_US
dc.titleTowards coexistence: can people's attitudes explain their willingness to live with Sumatran elephants in Indonesia?en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolAsian School of the Environmenten_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsElephant Crop Foragingen_US
dc.subject.keywordsHuman Behavioren_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis study was funded by US Fish and Wildlife Service.en_US
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