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Title: Layer-by-layer assembly based low pressure biocatalytic nanofiltration membranes for micropollutants removal
Authors: Li, Xin
Xu, Yilin
Goh, Kunli
Chong, Tzyy Haur
Wang, Rong
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Li, X., Xu, Y., Goh, K., Chong, T. H. & Wang, R. (2020). Layer-by-layer assembly based low pressure biocatalytic nanofiltration membranes for micropollutants removal. Journal of Membrane Science, 615, 118514-.
Project: 1601-CRPW-T49 (IDD 90301/01/81)
Journal: Journal of Membrane Science
Abstract: Biocatalytic nanofiltration (NF) membranes incorporated with enzymes show high capacity for micropollutants (MPs) removal. However, there remains significant challenges such as the lack of molecular-level tailoring for skin layer design and effective strategy for enzyme immobilization. In this work, layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly based biocatalytic NF membranes were fabricated for bisphenol (BPA) removal by immobilizing laccase into the skin layer during the LBL polyelectrolytes assembly with controlled crosslinking and immobilization. This strategy enables simultaneous enzyme immobilization and NF skin layer formation. Three laccase immobilization strategies (i.e., post immobilization, post crosslinking, and post crosslinking and immobilization) on skin layer were explored to prepare NF membrane for evaluating BPA removal efficiency. The post immobilization was identified as the optimal strategy, which endowed the biocatalytic NF membrane with a pure water permeability of 10.9 ± 0.4 LMH/bar and MgCl2 rejection of 97.2 ± 0.3% under 2 bar pressure, alongside competitive laccase loading (238.8 ± 3.5 μg/cm2) and laccase activity (0.6 U/cm2). The optimal biocatalytic NF membrane exhibited an improvement in BPA removal of 79.5% under an incubation mode and 92.5% under a full recycling mode. The removal efficiencies were ~240% higher than that of the unmodified LBL membrane and clearly comparable to other reported biocatalytic membranes. This performance was attributed to the synergistic effect of membrane rejection, adsorption and laccase catalysis. The optimal biocatalytic NF membrane was found to be robust after six cycles within 14 days, while maintaining a relatively high BPA removal efficiency and salt rejection. Overall, our results open up a new avenue for enzyme immobilization into the skin layer of membranes for designing high-efficient biocatalytic NF membranes for MPs removal.
ISSN: 0376-7388
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118514
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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