Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159383
Title: A verisimilitude framework for inductive inference, with an application to phylogenetics
Authors: Vassend, Olav B.
Keywords: Humanities::Philosophy
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Vassend, O. B. (2020). A verisimilitude framework for inductive inference, with an application to phylogenetics. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 71(4), 1359-1383. https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axy054
Project: M4082134
Journal: The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Abstract: Bayesianism and likelihoodism are two of the most important frameworks philosophers of science use to analyse scientific methodology. However, both frameworks face a serious objection: much scientific inquiry takes place in highly idealized frameworks where all the hypotheses are known to be false. Yet, both Bayesianism and likelihoodism seem to be based on the assumption that the goal of scientific inquiry is always truth rather than closeness to the truth. Here, I argue in favour of a verisimilitude framework for inductive inference. In the verisimilitude framework, scientific inquiry is conceived of, in part, as a process where inference methods ought to be calibrated to appropriate measures of closeness to the truth. To illustrate the verisimilitude framework, I offer a reconstruction of parsimony evaluations of scientific theories, and I give a reconstruction and extended analysis of the use of parsimony inference in phylogenetics. By recasting phylogenetic inference in the verisimilitude framework, it becomes possible to both raise and address objections to phylogenetic methods that rely on parsimony.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159383
ISSN: 0007-0882
DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axy054
Rights: © 2018 The Author. All rights reserved. This paper was published by Oxford University Press on behalf of British Society for the Philosophy of Science in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science and is made available with permission of The Author.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Journal Articles

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