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|Title:||Blending ecosystem service and resilience perspectives in planning of natural infrastructure: lessons from the San Francisco bay area||Authors:||Hamel, Perrine
Kuiper, Jan J.
Arkema, Katie K.
Silver, Jess M.
Daily, Gretchen C.
Guerry, Anne D.
|Keywords:||Science::Geology||Issue Date:||2021||Source:||Hamel, P., Hamann, M., Kuiper, J. J., Andersson, E., Arkema, K. K., Silver, J. M., Daily, G. C. & Guerry, A. D. (2021). Blending ecosystem service and resilience perspectives in planning of natural infrastructure: lessons from the San Francisco bay area. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 9, 601136-. https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2021.601136||Journal:||Frontiers in Environmental Science||Abstract:||Globally, cities face massive environmental and societal challenges such as rapid population growth and climate change. In response, natural infrastructure is increasingly recognized for its potential to enhance resilience and improve human well-being. Here, we examine the role of the ecosystem services and resilience approaches in urban planning, which both aim to sustain the long-term benefits of natural infrastructure in cities. While the two approaches are intertwined and share deep roots in social-ecological systems framing, they confer complementary strengths in practice, which we illustrate with a case study in the San Francisco Bay Area, United States. We show that, at present, the main strength of ecosystem service practice is to provide actionable information, while urban resilience practice supports the development of holistic long-term strategies. We discuss operational limitations of both approaches and suggest that understanding and leveraging their complementary strengths could help bridge the implementation gap between research and practice in urban natural infrastructure planning.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159404||ISSN:||2296-665X||DOI:||10.3389/fenvs.2021.601136||Schools:||Asian School of the Environment||Rights:||© 2021 Hamel, Hamann, Kuiper, Andersson, Arkema, Silver, Daily and Guerry. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
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