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Title: Rice farming, culture and democracy
Authors: Ang, James B.
Madsen, Jakob B.
Wang, Wen
Keywords: Social sciences::Political science
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Ang, J. B., Madsen, J. B. & Wang, W. (2021). Rice farming, culture and democracy. European Economic Review, 136, 103778-.
Journal: European Economic Review
Abstract: This paper proposes that societies with a rice farming legacy tend to be less democratic today than societies with a wheat farming legacy. We argue that rice cultivation is associated with the adoption of a collectivist culture, which in turn fosters greater conformity pressures on political norms and deters democratization. Conversely, a wheat farming legacy leads to the development of individualism, which in turn promotes democracy. Using the rice-wheat suitability ratio for a sample of 146 countries as an exogenous variable for rice farming culture, we find that the rice-wheat suitability ratio is a deep-rooted determinant for the formation of democratic institutions through a culture of collectivism vs. individualism.
ISSN: 0014-2921
DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2021.103778
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SSS Journal Articles

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