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|Title:||Rice farming, culture and democracy||Authors:||Ang, James B.
Madsen, Jakob B.
|Keywords:||Social sciences::Political science||Issue Date:||2021||Source:||Ang, J. B., Madsen, J. B. & Wang, W. (2021). Rice farming, culture and democracy. European Economic Review, 136, 103778-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2021.103778||Journal:||European Economic Review||Abstract:||This paper proposes that societies with a rice farming legacy tend to be less democratic today than societies with a wheat farming legacy. We argue that rice cultivation is associated with the adoption of a collectivist culture, which in turn fosters greater conformity pressures on political norms and deters democratization. Conversely, a wheat farming legacy leads to the development of individualism, which in turn promotes democracy. Using the rice-wheat suitability ratio for a sample of 146 countries as an exogenous variable for rice farming culture, we find that the rice-wheat suitability ratio is a deep-rooted determinant for the formation of democratic institutions through a culture of collectivism vs. individualism.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/159474||ISSN:||0014-2921||DOI:||10.1016/j.euroecorev.2021.103778||Rights:||© 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.||Fulltext Permission:||none||Fulltext Availability:||No Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||SSS Journal Articles|
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