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Title: Comparison between CaO- and MgO-activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) for stabilization/solidification of Zn-contaminated clay slurry
Authors: Zhang, Yunhui
Ong, Yi Jie
Yi, Yaolin
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Zhang, Y., Ong, Y. J. & Yi, Y. (2022). Comparison between CaO- and MgO-activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) for stabilization/solidification of Zn-contaminated clay slurry. Chemosphere, 286 Pt 3, 131860-.
Journal: Chemosphere
Abstract: Stabilization/solidification (S/S) is a low-cost and effective remedial technique for dredged contaminated sediments. Quick lime (CaO)-activated and reactive magnesia (MgO)-activated ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) are effective and low-carbon S/S binders. However, the existence of metals, especially Zn, in contaminated sediments, may hinder the hydration of GGBS. This study compared the performance and mechanisms of CaO-GGBS, MgO-GGBS and ordinary Portland cement (OPC) for the treatment of Zn-contaminated clay slurry using unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test, one-stage batch leaching test, and mineralogical and thermal analyses. The results showed that the application of the MgO-GGBS (GGBS dosage of 10 % and MgO of 0 %-3 % (of dry clay by mass)) had positive effects on the mechanical strength and Zn immobilization of the contaminated clay slurry while the CaO-GGBS affected negatively and the situation became even worse at a higher CaO dosage (0 %-1.5 % of dry clay by mass). In comparison with OPC, the application of MgO-GGBS produced higher mechanical strength and that for CaO-GGBS was the lowest. The Zn leaching difference depends on initial Zn concentrations. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed that a retarder, calcium zinc hydroxide, formed in the immobilization process when adding the CaO-GGBS binder, hindering the GGBS hydration and further leading to inferior strength and higher Zn leachability. The clay slurry treated by the MgO-GGBS binder was found to have a higher calcium silicate hydrate content which explained its high strength and low leachability.
ISSN: 0045-6535
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131860
Schools: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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