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Title: Southeast Asian Chinese engage a rising China: business associations, institutionalised transnationalism, and the networked state
Authors: Ren, Na
Liu, Hong
Keywords: Social sciences::Economic development
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Ren, N. & Liu, H. (2022). Southeast Asian Chinese engage a rising China: business associations, institutionalised transnationalism, and the networked state. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 48(4), 873-893.
Project: 04INS000103C430 
Journal: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 
Abstract: With the launching of China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013, Chinese diaspora in Southeast Asia have been confronted with both growing business opportunities and emerging challenges. How do ethnic Chinese businesses and their associations respond to the BRI, and by extension, a rising China? How do transnationalism and the nation-states shape their engagement strategies? What are the implications of the Southeast Asian experience for an understanding of diaspora transnationalism? Drawn upon empirical studies conducted in Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines, and by examining the emergence of the new structural characteristics of Chinese business associations, we argue that these associations have formed institutionalised transnational interactions with China through a variety of mechanisms to facilitate cross-border flows of capital, goods, people, and information. Resultant from various policies instituted by the Southeast Asian states, this economic transnationalism has not led to the dilution of the national identity and political loyalty of ethnic Chinese towards their respective countries. We conclude that the institutionalised transnationalism has operated within a ‘dual embeddedness’ structure in which the state is involved as a key network node in the transnational socio-economic field connecting China and the region.
ISSN: 1369-183X
DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2021.1983952
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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