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dc.contributor.authorZhou, Yaweien_US
dc.contributor.authorLu, Yipingen_US
dc.contributor.authorHe, Jianingen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Ziyien_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiangyuen_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Qunen_US
dc.contributor.authorYeh, Hui-Yuanen_US
dc.identifier.citationZhou, Y., Lu, Y., He, J., Li, Z., Zhang, X., Zhang, Q. & Yeh, H. (2022). Bioarchaeological insights into disability: skeletal dysplasia from the Iron Age northern China. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 32(2), 367-377.
dc.description.abstractSkeletal dysplasia is mainly caused by genetic mutations or endocrine abnormality. In this study, a case of disproportionate dwarfism from the Iron Age Beishenjiaqiao cemetery in Xi'an, China is analyzed from the perspective of bioarchaeology. The individual shows disproportionately short stature, with reduced long-bone diaphyseal length especially of both humeri, unfused proximal humerus epiphyses, abnormal development of the shoulder and hip joints, left femoral head necrosis, and unusually gracile left femur and tibia shaft, demonstrating limited mobility and labor capacity. Hypothyroidism, pseudoachondroplasia, and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia are the most likely possible diagnoses although there are other possibilities. By combining the archaeological evidences and historical records, it is speculated that this individual lived a normal life and was well treated during her lifetime. Overall, this rare case concerning dwarfism not only enriches our knowledge of skeletal dysplasia among ancient Chinese in northern China but also demonstrates the humanitarian attitude of ancient society toward the disability.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeologyen_US
dc.rights© 2021 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.titleBioarchaeological insights into disability: skeletal dysplasia from the Iron Age northern Chinaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Humanitiesen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis research is supported by the NAP Start-Up Grant from Nanyang Technological University; the sub-project of the Major Project of the National Social Science Fund of China (Grant No. 19ZDA227); China's national key R & D program (Grant No. 2020YFC1521607); Youth talent innovation team of Zhengzhou University (Grant No.2021-QNTD-05); the sub-project of the Central Plains Civilization Exploration Project in Henan Province (Grant No. 24220078); the research on the roots of Chinese Civilization of Zhengzhou University (Grant No. XKZDJC202006); the open research project of the Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education of Cultural Heritage Research and Protection Technology of Northwestern University (Grant No. xbdx2019–5–18).en_US
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