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Title: Fracture toughness of the stomatopod dactyl club is enhanced by plastic dissipation: a fracture micromechanics study
Authors: Chua, Isaiah Jia Qing
Srinivasan, Dharun Vadugappatty
Idapalapati, Sridhar
Miserez, Ali
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Chua, I. J. Q., Srinivasan, D. V., Idapalapati, S. & Miserez, A. (2021). Fracture toughness of the stomatopod dactyl club is enhanced by plastic dissipation: a fracture micromechanics study. Acta Biomaterialia, 126, 339-349.
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia
Abstract: The dactyl club of stomatopods is a biological hammer used to strike on hard-shell preys. To serve its function, the club must be imparted with a high tolerance against both contact stresses and fracture. While the contact mechanics of the club has been established, fracture toughness characterization has so far remained more elusive and semi-quantitative using nanoindentation fracture methods. Here, we used microcantilever fracture specimens with a chevron-notched crack geometry to quantitatively evaluate the fracture response of the impact region of dactyl clubs. The chevron-notched geometry was selected as it minimizes surface-related artefacts due to ion milling, and further allows to carry out fracture tests on samples free of pre-cracks with stable crack propagation even for brittle materials. Both linear elastic as well as elastic-plastic fracture mechanics methods, together with finite element modelling, were employed to analyse the fracture data. We find that crack-tip plastic dissipation is the main mechanism contributing to the fracture properties of the dactyl club material. Our study also suggests that the chevron-notched crack geometry is a suitable method to quantitatively assess the fracture toughness of hard biological materials.
ISSN: 1742-7061
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2021.03.025
Schools: School of Materials Science and Engineering 
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
School of Biological Sciences 
Research Centres: Center for Sustainable Materials
Rights: © 2021 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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