Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Mixing characteristics of 45° inclined duckbill dense jets in co-flowing currents
Authors: Jiang, Mingtao
Chen, Wei
Law, Adrian Wing-Keung
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Jiang, M., Chen, W. & Law, A. W. (2021). Mixing characteristics of 45° inclined duckbill dense jets in co-flowing currents. Journal of Hydro-environment Research, 36, 77-86.
Journal: Journal of Hydro-environment Research
Abstract: The use of duckbill valves in submerged outfalls for dense effluents is now prevalent to prevent the intrusion of ambient water into the outfall pipe during periods of low production of the facility. In the present study, an experimental investigation was conducted using the technique of Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) to examine the mixing characteristics of 45° inclined dense jets from a duckbill shape nozzle in co-flowing currents. The measured characteristics included the jet trajectory, concentration decay, centreline peak dilution and cross-sectional concentration distribution. The Froude number ranged from 10 to 25, and the nominal Froude number from 0.2 to 3.0. Two mounting orientations of the duckbill nozzle, namely vertical and horizontal, were also investigated. The experimental results showed that two regimes, namely dense-jet- and co-flow-dominated, can be clearly observed. When the co-flow velocity increases, the centreline peak height and dilution of the inclined dense jet decrease. Comparing to the available results in the literature for inclined circular dense jets, the centreline peak dilution for inclined duckbill dense jets is generally higher. In other words, the installation of the duckbill valve also contributes to the mixing of the dense effluent with surrounding ambient waters, in addition to preventing the ambient intrusion. With respect to the mounting orientation, the horizontal induces a relatively higher dilution but also a larger centreline peak height. Thus, the horizontal orientation would be preferable when the cover water depth is sufficient, while the vertical orientation can be considered in shallow waters for full submergence.
ISSN: 1570-6443
DOI: 10.1016/j.jher.2021.03.006
Schools: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Research Centres: Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute 
Environmental Process Modelling Centre 
Rights: © 2021 International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles
NEWRI Journal Articles

Page view(s)

Updated on Dec 4, 2023

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.