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Title: The interaction between serotonin transporter allelic variation and maternal care modulates instagram sociability in a sample of Singaporean users
Authors: Bonassi, Andrea
Cataldo, Ilaria
Gabrieli, Giulio
Tandiono, Moses
Foo, Jia Nee
Lepri, Bruno
Esposito, Gianluca
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Bonassi, A., Cataldo, I., Gabrieli, G., Tandiono, M., Foo, J. N., Lepri, B. & Esposito, G. (2022). The interaction between serotonin transporter allelic variation and maternal care modulates instagram sociability in a sample of Singaporean users. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9), 5348-.
Project: M4081597(2015–2021) 
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 
Abstract: Human social interactions ensure recognition and approval from others, both in offline and online environments. This study applies a model from behavioral genetics on Instagram sociability to explore the impact of individual development on behavior on social networks. We hypothesize that sociable attitudes on Instagram resulted from an interaction between serotonin transporter gene alleles and the individual's social relationship with caregivers. We assess the environmental and genetic components of 57 Instagram users. The self-report questionnaire Parental Bonding Instrument is adopted to determine the quality of parental bonding. The number of posts, followed users ("followings"), and followers are collected from Instagram as measures of online social activity. Additionally, the ratio between the number of followers and followings ("Social Desirability Index") was calculated to estimate the asymmetry of each user's social network. Finally, buccal mucosa cell samples were acquired, and the polymorphism rs25531 (T/T homozygotes vs. C-carriers) within the serotonin transporter gene was examined. In the preliminary analysis, we identified a gender effect on the number of followings. In addition, we specifically found a gene-environment interaction on the standardized Instagram "Social Desirability Index" in line with our predictions. Users with the genotype more sensitive to environmental influences (T/T homozygotes) showed a higher Instagram "Social Desirability Index" than nonsensitive ones (C-carriers) when they experienced positive maternal care. This result may contribute to understanding online social behavior from a gene*environment perspective.
ISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19095348
DOI (Related Dataset): 10.21979/N9/XIVRWS
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine) 
Organisations: Genome Institute of Singapore, A*STAR
Rights: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles
SSS Journal Articles

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